Below is a discussion of the most significant risks that could negatively impact the operating results and financial position of Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma Group.
Forward-looking statements in the discussion of risks below reflect the judgment of the Group as of March 31, 2017.
（1）Risk relating to research and development of new products
The Group works to research and develop highly original and globally viable products. While the Group strives to maintain an extensive product pipeline and to bring products to market as early as possible, all in the pipeline may not be successfully developed and launched to the market because of the growing difficulty of development of new drug. It is possible that some development project may be delayed or abandoned at all. Depending on the nature of the product under development, such cases could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（2）Problems concerning adverse events
Pharmaceutical products are approved only after rigorous safety testing at different stages of development, and rigorous screening by the competent authorities in all the countries. These efforts notwithstanding, previously unreported adverse events are sometimes discovered only after a drug has already been marketed. The appearance of such unexpected adverse events once a product has been sold could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（3）Healthcare system reforms
The precipitous decline in Japan's birthrate and the rapid rise in the country's elderly population are the prime factors causing the financial state of Japan's healthcare insurance system to deteriorate. In this climate, measures continue to emerge aimed at curbing healthcare costs by price restraint of branded prescription drug and promotion of generic drug use, and how to best reform the country's healthcare system continues to be debated. The direction that any healthcare system reforms might take, including mandated NHI price revisions, could ultimately have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position. Pharmaceutical products are subject to various kinds of regulations in foreign countries as well. The Group's operating results and financial position may be significantly affected, depending on the future courses of the U.S. healthcare system reform and other administrative measures overseas.
（4）Risk relating to the sale of products
The Group can envision scenarios in which sales of its pharmaceutical products are threatened to decrease due to a competition with the products of the same area of other manufacturers or a launching of generic products following the expiration of a patent period or otherwise. Such cases could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（5）Risk relating to intellectual property rights
The Group utilizes a wide range of intellectual property during the course of its R&D activities, including both property owned by the Group and property that the Group lawfully uses with the authorization of the property's owner. Nevertheless, the Group recognizes the possibility, no matter how slight, that some use might be deemed an infringement of a third party's intellectual property rights. Consequently, legal disputes pertaining to intellectual property rights could arise and have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（6）Termination of partnerships
The Group enters into a variety of partnerships with other companies for the sale of purchased goods, the establishment of joint ventures, co-promotion, and the licensing in and out of products under development, as well as for joint research and other purposes. The termination, for whatever reason, of such partnerships could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（7）Prerequisites for primary business activities
The Group's core business is the ethical pharmaceuticals business. Accordingly, the Group requires licenses and other certifications to engage in R&D and the manufacture and sale of drugs pursuant to Japan's "The Law on Securing Quality, Efficacy and Safety of Products including Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices" and other laws and regulations related to pharmaceuticals. The Company has obtained licenses and other certifications, including Type 1 and Type 2 Pharmaceuticals Manufacturing and Sales Business licenses (both valid for five years). In addition, in order to engage in the ethical pharmaceuticals business in overseas countries, the Group also has obtained licenses as needed under laws and regulations related to pharmaceuticals of those countries. These licenses and other certifications will cease to be valid unless gone through procedures as stipulated by the applicable laws and regulations. These laws and regulations also stipulate that these licenses and certifications may be revoked and/or that the Group may be ordered to suspend part of or all of its operations for a fixed period of time or be subject to other measures in the event that the Group violates these laws and regulations. The Group currently has no knowledge of any facts that would warrant the revocation of its licenses or other certifications. However, an order to revoke the Group's licenses or other certifications could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（8）Risk relating to litigation
There is a possibility that a suit may be brought to court in terms of an adverse effect of a pharmaceutical product, product liability, labor issues, fair trade, etc., relating to the business activities of the Group. Depending on the development thereof, such cases could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（9）Closedown or shutdown of a plant
The Group can envision scenarios in which the Group's plant is closed down or shut down due to technical problems, stoppage of supply of raw materials, fire, earthquake, or any other disaster where the supply of products is delayed or halted. Such cases could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（10）Impact of financial market situation and foreign exchange fluctuations
A sluggish equity market will give rise to a loss on valuation or sale of shares held, and the interest rate trend may increase interest expenses on borrowings etc., and the deterioration of financial market situation will cause the retirement benefit obligations to increase. All these factors could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position. Furthermore, foreign exchange fluctuations may have a material impact on importing and exporting transactions and the conversion of operating results of consolidated subsidiaries into yen.
（11）Impact of impairment of fixed assets
The Group owns various types of tangible and intangible fixed assets, such as business assets and goodwill. In the future, in the event of substantial deterioration of operating results or reduction in values, the need to treat the impairment will arise, which could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（12）Transactions with the parent company
The Company and its parent company, Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd., have concluded agreements for the leasing of land for the Osaka Research Laboratories, Ehime Plant and Oita Plant, as well as for the purchase of raw materials used in the production of active pharmaceutical ingredients at these sites and other locations. These agreements involve prices that are determined based on discussions between the two parties with reference to general market prices. These agreements are customarily renewed every year. The Company also accepts employees on loan from the parent company. Furthermore, during the year we also made short-term loans to our parent company to raise capital efficiency. The Company's policy is to continue these transactions and other ties with the parent company. However, changes in these agreements, including changes in the transaction terms specified therein, could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（13）Risk relating to overseas operation
The Group conducts overseas business activity mainly in regions North America and China. The risks such as change of local restrictions, worsening of diplomatic relations and political uncertainties are inherent in these activities. In the event the Group faces such risks, it could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position.
（14）Risk relating to information management
Since the Group uses a variety of information systems, there is a possibility of business being interrupted by a system malfunction, computer virus, or the like. Additionally, since the Group holds a large amount of confidential information that includes personal information, an external leak of the data could have a significant and negative impact on the Group's operating results and financial position resulting from compensation for damages, administrative sanctions, loss of social credibility, or the like.
（15）Risk relating to compliance
The Group makes every effort to promote the observance of laws and regulations and business ethics, being aware that compliance is the very basis of all its business activities. With all the measures, however, there is a possibility of the situation running counter to the spirit of compliance, which circumstances could result in social disgrace of the Group and could significantly affect its operating results and financial position.
There are risks other than those described above, and the risks listed here do not include all of the risks faced by the Group.